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2013-07-20 11:10:55????Դ: ?????̳?????ߣ?
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    ???н???????͹??ý?????????ڽ??з???????ʱ?޷??رܵ????⡣???ݹ????????????ල?ְ䲼??JJF1058-1998????Ʒ?????????????????㡷???Ҽ????????淶?Ĺ涨:?????߹??????Ʒ?????????(???????)Ϊ????Ʒ?????ڽ????????Ӧ??̯?Ĺ??н??????֮??;???貿????[1995]517???ļ?Ҳ????ȷָ??:??Ʒ??????????ɸ???Ʒ?????ڽ????????Ӧ??̯?Ĺ??ý??????????????ɡ??ڴ??б?Ҫ??“????”??“????”???????֡?“????”??ָ?????????????ϵ??????ж?ij???ʹ??Ȩ,??“????”????ָ???????????շ??ɻ??ͬԼ??,???ж?ij??IJƲ?Ȩ,?????˶Թ???????ʹ??Ȩ,????Ȩ?ʹ???Ȩ,??????ֻ?ܱ??????˹??ö????ܱ??????˹??С?
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    ???ֻ???ͼ?Dz???һ???ķ????ɼ??йص???Ϣ,ͨ??????????ݴ???,?پ???ͼ?????ɺͱ༭,??÷??????ֻ?ͼ,??????ػ?ͼ?ǻ?????????豸,???Ƴɷ???ͼ?????ֻ???ͼ????Ŀǰ?ڷ??????β??????ؼ??????еõ??˹㷺??Ӧ??,???ֻ???ͼ???г?ͼ?????ߡ??ٶȿ졢?Ͷ?ǿ?ȵ͡?ͼ????Ϣ????ص㡣???,???ֻ???ͼ?Ƿ???ͼ??ͼ??һ????Ҫ??չ???? 
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    GPS?????ǵ?ǰ???ٷ?չ?????ֶ?λ????????,GPS????????׿??Ч?????ܶ???Ŀǰ?õ??˹㷺??Ӧ?÷??????ϵͳ??GIS?ķ?ʽ???ơ?????ͼ?μ?????,ʵ????ͼ?????Ե?˫??????,ʹ????????ķ?̯?????׼ȷ,???Զ????ɷ????ķֲ?ֻ?ƽ??ͼ???Ӷ??????ڲ??ľ?ȷ????׼ȷ???? 
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    ?????йع涨:????????Ȩ????????ʹ??Ȩ????һ?µ?ԭ???Ƿ???Ȩ???ǼǵĻ???ԭ???????????ռ?õ????ط????ڲ?ͬʹ??Ȩ?˵Ķ????????,?Ҹ?????ʹ??Ȩ?˵?????Ȩ?????,??÷??ݲ?????Ϊһ???????? 
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    “??”?Ļ???,?Թ???Ȩ?˶???,????Ҫ???ǶԹ??н???????ķ?̯?????Ӱ?졣??????ݸ?????֮??û?й?ͬ?Ĺ??й?????ʩ,??ô,????????Ϊһ????????Ϊ?റ,?Թ??н????????̯?????Ӱ????Ժ??Բ??ơ? 
    ???????????ڷ???????????????ز?Ȩ?????Ļ???,??Ȩ????ά??????Ȩ???ǰ??ͱ???,?????ǿ?????????о???????Ҫ???塣 
    ?ο?????: 
    [1]??Ӣ??:????“???н??????”??“???ý??????”??̽?֡?,?ء????м????ල??2002???2??. 
    [2]??????:??????????????̽?֡?,?ء???????ѧ??2007???1??. 
    [3]????:??dz̸??????????“??”?Ļ??֡?,?ء??й??Ƽ???Ϣ??2007???15??. 
    [4]????:??????????????Ҫ??,?ء????????ز???2003???4??.
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