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GIS??????ϵͳ?е?Ӧ??

2014-10-24 21:27:43????Դ: ?????̳?????ߣ?
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GIS??????ϵͳ?е?Ӧ??   ժ  Ҫ?????ĶԵ?????Ϣϵͳ??GIS????????ϵͳ?е???ҪӦ?ý???????????????????GIS?????????ĵ?ѡַ??GIS???????????е?Ӧ?ü?GIS????????Ϣϵͳ?ļ??ɡ???????GISӦ???????????ĵ?ѡַ??GIS???????????е?Ӧ?õ?ԭ???????ƣ?????Ҫ??????GIS????????Ϣϵͳ???ɵ????ݡ?˵????GIS??????ϵͳ??Ӧ?õļ?ֵ?? ?ؼ???????????Ϣϵͳ??????ϵͳ??ѡַ????????ϵͳ????   1????     ??????ָԭ???ϡ?????Ʒ???????Ϣ????????յ???Ч?????Ĺ??̡??????????䡢?ִ???װж???ˡ??ӹ??????͡???Ϣ?????ȷ????л???ϣ??γ??????Ĺ?Ӧ????Ϊ?û??ṩ?๦?ܡ?һ?廯???ۺ??Է??????????Ҫ???ʽ???????Ϣ???????????ɡ?????Щ??????????൱һ?????????λ???йأ???????????λ?õ?ѡ?????͵?IJ??֡?????·???Ż??????ͳ? ????ʵʱ???????Ⱥ????ͷ??????????????ȣ???Щ???ض??????λ????????ء???????Ϣ???пռ?߶ȡ??ռ??????????ʣ???????Ϣ?д?Լ80%????Ϣ??ռ?λ???йأ??????䡢?ִ??????͵??漰??????Ϣ????ȫ????ռ?λ??????ֱ?ӵĹ?ϵ????????Ϣϵͳ(GIS)????ǿ??IJɼ??????????洢??????????????????ռ????ݵ??????????õĿ??ӻ??͸??????߷?ʽ??GIS??Ϊ?????????λ????صĿռ????ݾ??е??????????ƣ?????GIS???????ֶ??Ż????????̣??ؽ???????ѹ???????ɱ???????????????   2????GIS??????????ѡַ ????????ѡַ??????ϵͳ?о???ս???????Ͷ?ʾ??????⣬??????ϵͳ????????????????Ʒ??ͨ?????Ч?????ž????Ե?Ӱ?졣????????Ʒ??Դ?ֲ???????״????????????????Ȼ?????????ص?Ӱ?죬ʹ?ü?ʹ??ͬһ?????ڵIJ?ͬ?ط????????????ģ?????????ϵͳ??ȫ??ᾭ??Ч??Ҳ?Dz?ͬ?ġ? 2.1 ??ͳѡַ??????ȱ?? ????????ѡַ???????н?Ϊ?????ģ?????㷨????Ҫ?????ķ?????ֵ????????Kuehn—Hanburgerģ?͡?Baumol—Wolfeģ?͡?CFLP????Delphiר????ѯ???ȣ???Щ??ͳѡַ??????Ȼʹ????????ѡַ???ӷ??㣬???󲿷ַ????????ڲ?ͬ?̶ȵ????˲?????ĵط?????Щ??????????һ????ͬ??ȱ?ݣ???Ҳ??һ??????????ѡַ?????????ڵ?һ???ײ???????Щ???????????ǽ????ھ?̬?ļٶ?????????ʵ?ֵģ?????ƽ?滭ͼ??⣬???߽???һ??ģ?ͣ?????һϵ?еļ??㣬Ȼ??ó????Ž????????????Щ?????????Ǿ?̬?ģ???ֱ?۵ģ????ǣ???ʵ?????ڲ??ϱ仯??????????Ϣʱ?????????빩Ӧ????????ʱ?????仯????ˣ?????????????ʵ???????ȫ????????????dz???GIS?????ij??֣????Ժܺõذ??????ǿ˷?????ȱ?㣬?Ϻõؽ?????????ĵ?ѡַ???⡣ 2.2 ????GISѡַ???ŵ? ???ȣ?GIS????????????ص???ͨ????ͼ?????????ݡ??ڴ?ͳ?Ĺ?ϵ???ݿ??У???????????ƽ?ȵģ????ǰ??չ?ϵ?淶????????֯????????GIS?У??ռ???Ϣ????????Ϣ?Dz??ɷָ?????壬???Ƿֱ?????????ʵ??????棬?Ե???ʵ??Ϊ??????֯?????????˾??й????ռ?????(???????ڵ??λ??)?⣬?????пռ??ѯ?????????(???ѯ??ʩ?????ԡ?????????Χ?Ļ???״????)?? ??Σ????п???????????GIS??????ͼ????ʽ??ʾ???????????Ҫ?صı????µ?????????????(???ִ??????ڵ㡢??·???ͻ???Ҫ??)??һ??滮???ܹ?ֱ?۷????ȷ??λ?û???·??????GIS?????????????ͼ?Σ???ֱ???ֱ??????⡣ ??󣬶?̬?????ԡ?GIS??һ????̬??ϵͳ??????ǿ??????ݿ?ϵͳ???Ա??ֳ??????£??????ռ??ϵ??κα仯GIS?????Ը????????ݿ??Ա????ã?ͬʱ??????GIS?Ŀ??ʲ?ѯ???????ܣ???????????ѡַ???????ܺܺõ?ʵ?ֹ滮?????????Ķ?̬??????ʹ??ѡַ?????????ʵ?????衣 2.3??GIS????????????ѡַ??ԭ?? ??GIS?У?????ϵͳ?еĵ㡢?ߡ??涼????Ϊ?ռ?ʵ?壬???ÿռ???????????ռ???????????????ʵ??????????????????????????ռ䡢ʱ???ר?????????ռ??????ǵ?????Ϣϵͳ????˵?ǿռ???Ϣϵͳ?????еģ???ָ????????͹??????ڵ?λ?á???״?ʹ?С?ȼ??????????Լ??????ڵ???????͹??̵Ŀռ??ϵ??ʱ????????ָ?ռ???????ʱ??ı仯???仯???????ר??????Ҳָ?ռ??????ռ?Ŀ?????????????????ָ????ʱ??Ϳռ?????????Ŀռ???????????????? 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(1)???????粼?ֺ?????·?ߵ?ģ??????? Ѱ?????ŷ??????·?????⣬Ҳ???????????㲼?????⡣?????ó??ڿͻ??????????????͵??????ݵȽ???ģ????????????????IJ??ֽ???ģ?⣬????ʵ?ʵ?????ֲ??滮????????·??ʹ??ʾ???ܹ??ڵ??ӵ?ͼ????ʾ?????·????ͬʱ??ʾ????????·???????з?????ͬʱ????GIS?????????ģ???Ż?????????·????ʹ??Դ??????С???????Դ???????????֧??ϵͳ?????ṩ????Ч??ֱ?۵ľ??????ݡ? (2)?????ͻ?????ٺ͵??? ????GPS?͵??ӵ?ͼ????ʵʱ??ʾ????????????ʵ??λ?ôӶ??Գ????ṩ???????񣬲??ܲ?ѯ???????ͻ????״̬???Ա???к??????Ⱥ͹???????ʱ????ȵ?????£??ҳ?????????г?·?ߡ?ʹ?????µ?????????԰?????ǡ????ʱ??????????չ涨??ʱ?䵽??Ŀ?ĵء? (3)???????򻮷? ??ҵ???Բ??յ??????򣬸??ݸ???Ҫ?ص????Ƶ??ͬһ???ϵ????л򲿷?Ҫ?ط?Ϊ?????飬???Խ??ȷ????????????г???Χ?????⡣??ijһ??˾Ҫ???????ɸ??????㣬Ҫ????Щ?????㸲??ijһ??????????Ҫʹÿ????????Ĺ˿???Ŀ??????ȡ? (4)?ͻ???λ ʹ??GIS??ij?????л????????????Ҫ???????ӵ?ͼ??׼ȷ?ط?ӳ???ֵ?????·??????????ڵ?????ͼ?Ѿ????˵??????꣬ͨ???Ե???????????????????ڵ?ͼ?϶??¿ͻ????е???λ?õĶ?λ?????޸??Ͽͻ??ĵ???λ?ã??Ӷ?ʹ??ҵ?ܾ?ȷ??ȷ?????͵?Ϳͻ???λ?á? (5)??Ϣ??ѯ ?????ͷ?Χ?ڵ???Ҫ?????????䳵?????ͻ??Ƚ??в?ѯ????ѯ???Ͽ????????֡????Լ?ͼ??????ʽ??ʾ?????ڵ??ӵ?ͼ????ʾ??λ?á?   4 GIS????????Ϣϵͳ???? ??????һ????Χ?Ļ????????Ϣ?ᴩ?????????ȫ???̡???????Ϣ??????ϢԴ??ࡢ?ֲ??㡢??Ϣ???󡢶?̬??ǿ????Ϣ?ļ?ֵ˥???ٶȿ?ͼ?ʱ??Ҫ??ߵ????ԡ?????ζ????????Ϣ???ռ????ӹ??ʹ???Ҫ???ٶȿ졢?Ѷȴ???GIS ????Ӧ???????????????????ṩ?ֲ?ʽ????????Ϣϵͳ????ƽ̨?????ӵ?ͼͼ?λ?????ʾ???????ǿ??????ϵͳ?Ŀ??ӻ???????????ǿ??ĵ????????Ϳռ????Ϊ???????????ƶ??ṩ?˿?ѧ?ķ????? ????GIS ?ķ???ģ???????????????ṩ??׼ȷ???ж????ݡ???GPS Ϊ?????Ķ?λ??????ͨ?ż???????Ч???ɣ?????????ʵ??Զ?̵???Ϣ?????????һ?????ʵ???ƶ?Ŀ???ʵʱ??أ???????????ҵ??״̬??Ϣ?????ռ???Ϣ?????????ִ??????????????в???????Ч?ļ????ѳ?Ϊ?ִ???????չ?ı?Ȼ???ơ? ????ϵͳ??GIS ?ļ??ɵ?ʵ????ʵ?????ݼ??ɻ??ܼ??ɡ????ݼ?????Ҫ?????칹???ݼ??ɺ?ͬ?????ݼ??ɣ????ܼ????Ǹ????????IJ???ģʽʵ?ֶ??书?ܵĹ滮?????顣????????GIS ??????????????????????Ϣϵͳ????Ҫ????3????Ĺ????????ݼ??ɣ????ܼ??ɣ? ϵͳʵ?֡?   5 ????     ??Ϊһ?????˵ı?Եѧ?ƣ?GIS?ڿռ????ݵĹ????Ϳ??ӻ?????????ӵ?в??ɱ???????ơ???????бز????ٵ???Ҫ???Ǹ??ֵ??????أ????ֳ?Ϊ??ѧ??֮?????ϵӦ?õı?ҪŦ?????????????漰?????????ص???????еķ??????涼??????GIS???к????ı???ͷ??????Ӷ???ɸ??ָ??ӵ?ȴ???߾??ü?ֵ???????????????????ҵ??GIS?????Ľ?һ????չ??????GIS???????л??и??ӹ㷺???????Ӧ?ã???Ҳ?ǽ??չ?ı?Ȼ???ơ?   ?ο????ף? [1] ????Ԫ????????.??????Ϣϵͳ????[M].?ߵȽ????????磬2008. [2] ?????꣬ŷ???ӻ?.GIS???????????????е?Ӧ?ü??о???չ[J]. ?人??????ѧѧ????2008(6).  [3] ??????. GIG???????е?Ӧ??[J].???ù??????ѧ???ߣ?2009??8??. [4] ??ϯ?ޣ??????. ????GIS??????????ѡַ[J]. ??????????2005(10). [5] ??־??. GIS??????????ϵͳ?е?Ӧ??[J]. ?人????ְҵ????ѧԺѧ????2012(1). [6] ???٣?????. ????GIS????????ϵͳ???о???ʵ??[J]. ??????????ѧԺѧ????2008(3). [7] ֣????????쿣? ???. GIS ????????Ϣϵͳ???ɼ????о?[J]. [8] ¬սΰ????????Ǯ????.GIS????????????ͼ??ɼ??????о?[J].??ͨ?Ƽ???2003(3)
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