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dz??GIS?????ع????е?Ӧ??

2014-10-24 21:20:14????Դ: ?????̳?????ߣ?
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GIS?????ع????е?Ӧ?? ??ľ????ϵ   ??????Ϣϵͳ   20??   ?? ?? ժҪ?????Ź?????Դ?ı????????õĽ?һ????ǿ?????ع????ڵ???????е?Ӧ??Ҳ??Խ??Խ??Ҫ????????GIS???ҹ???Ѹ?ͷ?չ????Ӧ??????Ҳ?ڲ??????󡣻???GIS?????ع?????Ϣϵͳ???????ڻ??????ع??????????𵽸?????Ҫ?????á?????ͨ????GIS?Ľ??ܺ????ع???????ؼ?飬ͨ??GIS?????ع??????????е?Ӧ?ã??????ͻ???GIS?????????ع?????Ϣϵͳ?Ŀ?????Ӧ?á? ?ؼ??֣?GIS??????Ϣϵͳ   ???ع???   ??Ϣ??   ???ع?????Ϣϵͳ   Ӧ??   һ?? ??????Ϣϵͳ???? ??????Ϣϵͳ( Geographic Information Systems ,???GIS) ??һ?ֲɼ????洢????????????????ʾ??Ӧ?õ?????Ϣ?ļ????ϵͳ,?Ƿ????ʹ??????????????ݵ?ͨ?ü?????һ???????ĵ?????Ϣϵͳ??Ҫ?ɼ????Ӳ??ϵͳ???????????ϵͳ??????????(??ռ?????) ??ϵͳ??????Ա4 ????????ɡ??????Ӳ??ϵͳ?Ǽ????ϵͳ??ʵ???????豸???ܳ?,??????????????????豸(?????ֻ??ǡ?ɨ???ǡ???????ͼ?ǡ???????Ӱ??????????ң??ͼ????ϵͳ????????ͼϵͳ??ͼ?δ???ϵͳ??) ??????豸(??ͼ???ն???ʾ?豸????ͼ?ǡ???ӡ????) ?ȡ??????????ϵͳ?????????ϵͳ????????????Ϣϵͳ??????????֧????????Ӧ?÷???????     ??????Ϣϵͳ?ǵ?????Ϣ?Զ??????????ϵͳ,?????ݲɼ?—????—????Ӧ?õ?ȫ??????,?ܹ??ش?ͽ??5??????:      ??λ??,??ij???ط???ʲô??????;     ??????,????ijЩ??????ʵ????ʲô?ط???????;      ??????,ij???ط???????ij???¼?????仯????;      ??ģʽ,ij???ط????ڵĿռ?ʵ??ķֲ?ģʽ??????;  ??ģ??,ij???ط?????߱?ij???????ᷢ??ʲô??????[2] ??   ???? ???ع??????? ???ع???ѧ?ǹ???ѧ??һ????֧?????о????????ع????ͼල?????????????ã?ʹ֮?ﵽԤ??Ŀ??Ĺ?????Ĺ????ԡ?Ҳ????˵?????о????????????ع?ϵ??????????Ϊ???ĵ????????⣬???????ع???ѧ?????????Ź???ѧ?????? ???ع???ѧ?Ļ?????????Ӧ?????ع???ѧ??ԭ???ͷ????????о??Ͳ???һ?????????????ʽ?µ??????ع?ϵ???ල?????????????õĹ????ԣ??Դﵽƽ?????ع???ì?ܣ?ȡ?þ????ܴ????̬Ч?桢????Ч??????Ч???Ŀ?ġ? ???ع????Ļ????????ɵؼ???????????Ȩ???????????????ù??????????г??????Ĵ󲿷ֹ??ɡ?   ???? GIS?????ع????е?Ӧ?? 1?? GIS?ڵؼ??????е?Ӧ?? A?? ?ؼ????????? ?ؼ????????ݰ??????ص???????ض?̬??⣬??????Դ???ۣ????صǼǣ?????ͳ?ƣ??ؽ???Ϣ???ϵĹ?????Ӧ?á?ά???????µ????ݡ? B?? GIS??Ӧ?? ?ڵؼ??????У??????????ص??飬??????ؽ???顢??????????״????????????????飬??????Ϊ???ع????ṩ???????ϡ?????Ƕ?̬??⣬???ۣ?ͳ?Ƶȡ???ô???ڴ˹????У????ǿ???????GIS?????Ժܶ?ĵ?ͼ???????ֻ????룬?????ؽ?⣬ͨ?????ؽ?Ҫ???????з????͹????????Եؽ???Ϣ????ʵʱ?ĸ??¡??????GIS??˵?DZȽϼ򵥣?Ҳ??????Ӧ?ñȽϹ㷺??????????ѵ????ڶ?ȫ???ĵؽ???Ϣ????ͳһ??׼??¼??͹?????????Ҫ????????ͳ?ィ??ȫ????Χ?ڱ?׼?ؽ?⡣ͨ???ؽ?⣬???Ը??򵥷???ظ????ع????ṩ????Ļ??????ϡ? ???ڵؽ?????е?һЩ?򵥵ķ????ͷּ???ֻҪ??????ͳһ?ĵؽ???Ϣ?⣬??????ͨ????????Ϣ?????Ϣ??????GIS??????????ж??ο???????????????ר??ķ??????ּ???????GIS????????????ؼ????ǽ???һ??ͳһ?ĵؽ???Ϣ?⣬?????ڶ??ο??????????ֻ?Ǽ????ϵ????⣬????GIS?⼸???ڹ??ڵķ?չ??һ?㼼???ϵ????⻹?DZȽ????׽???ġ? 2?? GIS??????Ȩ???????е?Ӧ?? A??????Ȩ?????????? ????Ȩ??????????????????Ȩ??ʹ??Ȩ?ȵ???˺?????ȷ?ϣ?????Ȩ???????????????Ȩ?????׵ĵ??????????鴦?й??ַ?????????Ȩ??ʹ??Ȩ?ȷ????Υ???????????ݡ? B??GIS??Ӧ??     ????????Ȩ???Ĺ???????????̸???ĵؽ?????к???֮ͬ??????ؼ???????Ҫͨ??GIS??????????Ϣ?⡣??????Ȩ????????ֻҪ????Ϣ???м??????????Ȩ??ʹ??Ȩ?????ԡ??ڽ???Ȩ??????ʱ??ͨ??GIS??????ר??????????ʾ???ؿ??Ȩ?????⡣??????Ȩ???????У?????һ????????ǹ???Ȩ??????????Ҫͨ??GIS????ר??Ȩ??????????????б??????????????Ǻ???Ϣ?????ӡ? 3?? GIS?????????ù????е?Ӧ?? A?????????ù??????? ???????ù?????ͨ?????ƺ?ʵʩȫ????ʡ???أ??У????ء???????????????滮??ר??滮????????;???ơ???ȡ???⡢?ۡ?˰?Ⱦ??øܸ˶?ũ??أ??ر??Ǹ??ء??????õء?Ϊ???õصĿ????????á???????????֯???ල?͵??ء? B??GIS??Ӧ??     ???????ù?????Ŀ???DZ??????ؿɳ??????ã???????????ص????ú???̬Ч?桢????Ч??????Ч?档??ô???????Ĺ?????Ҳ???뽨??һ?????????ù?????Ϣ?⡣???????Ϣ??Ļ????ϣ?ͨ??GIS??????????????״??Ϣϵͳ???????ص????ý??й????????????????õ?Ч?棬?ʵ????????ص???????ʽ??ͨ??GIS?Ե?????????״???????????Ҳ????ȷ?????еķ?չ???ƣ??Ӷ????õ????????ء? 4?? GIS???????г??????е?Ӧ?? A???????г????????? ?????г????????????????г????衢???ؽ??ס????ؼ۸??????г??????õȽ??й????? B??GIS??Ӧ?? ͬ????GIS???????г??????У???Ҫ???ں?۹??????淢?????ã??????????г?????????ͳ????????г??۸?????????档???г????跽?棬ͨ??GIS?????г?ƽ??ģ?͵???Ϣ?⣬????ȡ??????Ϣ???Ӷ?ʵʱ????????ṹ?????ڵؼ۷??棬?????ؼ???Ϣ?⣬???ʵʱ?ؼ???Ϣ?????Եؼ۽??м?⡣   ?ġ? ????GIS??????Ϣϵͳ?Ŀ?????Ӧ?? ?ӱ??????????????????ع?????Ϣ??????GIS????????ȡ??????????????????????????????Ϣ??????Ҫ????????????????ִ?????ѧ???ۼ???ѧģ?͵?Ӧ?ã????????Ϣϵͳ??ң??ѧ?????????ѧ????????????????……???ȶ???????Ϣ???й????????У????ع?????????ҵ???????磬??̬??⡢?????õع????????ؼ?졢?ؼ??????????뽨???ڵؼ??????????ϵͳ?Ļ???֮?ϣ?????˵????????ǧ˿???Ƶ???ϵ????ˣ???????Ϣϵͳ?ĺ????????ǽ????ؼ???????Ϣϵͳ?????????ϵͳ?????????ع???????ҵ?????Ļ????????????С? ???ع???????ɫ?Ƕ????ؿռ????ԵĹ????????ؿռ????ԣ????????صĵ???λ?á????ڹ?ϵ??ͼ??Ļ??ּ?????????صĸ??ֿռ????Ժ????????ԡ????ص????ֿռ????ԣ?Ϊ??????Ϣϵͳ??GIS????Ӧ???ṩ????????ء?GIS?????Ӧ?????򣬾??ǽ????????ع????????ع滮??أ??????ؼ??????????????ݿ???й?ϵͳ?Ĺ????͹滮?ȣ?????????Ϣϵͳ??LIS??????ˣ?GIS?ǽ??????ع???????????????Ϣϵͳ?????ƽ̨?? 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