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2014-10-15 18:53:15????Դ: ?????
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 §1 ????????
1??. ??????·??ר????ļ??????ͼֽ
2??.????????·???̲????淶????TB10601-2009??
3??.???½???·???̲????淶????TB10101—99??
4??.??ȫ??λϵͳ??GPS????·??????̡???TB10054??97??
5??.??ȫ??λϵͳ??GPS????????̡???GB/T18314—2001??
6??.??????һ??????ˮ׼?????淶????GB12897—91??
7?? .???½?ʱ??300??350???????ר????·??????й涨?????????衲2007??
47?ţ?        
8??.??????ר?????Ĺ????·ʩ??????ָ?ϡ???TZ216-2007??
9??.??????ר?????Ĺ??????????????ָ?ϡ??????????2006??158?ţ?
10??.?????̲????淶????GB0026??93??
§2???̸ſ?
??????ר??·??????HKJX-3????ֲ?λ???ϲ??????????ؾ??ڣ???????Ϊ????ضΣ????ʹ???????Ϊ??????Ȼ??Ϊ15º~45º????Ը߲?ϴ󡣵ض????????ΪDK526??079.84??DIK532+719.84,??·?ܳ?18582.33m?????н????ش???11495m,Ȫ???ش???4456m,?ռҴ??ش???1942m?????????һ??????79m????????Ҷ???????79m???????Ϊ·????????DK539+939.33λ?????11939.33m?ij???,?Ҵ󲿷???·λ?????߶??ڡ?
§3 ??????֯????
??Ա???Ŀ???ص㼰????ר?ߵĸ߱?׼Ҫ?󣬴??ϵ??½???һ֧???ɸ?Ч????֯?????????Ĺ?????????????ȫ??Ŀ?IJ?????????????
??Ŀ???????IJ???????????Ŀ???ܹ???ʦ?ܸ?????Ŀ????????ʦ?͹??̲???ͳһ??֯??Э??????ڵIJ?????????????????ר?ž???ӣ???????Թܶη?Χ?ڵĹ?ͨ?????ͼ??ܿ??Ʋ??????????Ӧ???в?????????ơ??????ɹ????????Լ????????????ϵļ???ȹ??????????ɹ????빤?̲???????Ŀ????????ʦ???????೤?????ˣ????˺ϸ???ܹ???ʦ??ˣ??????Ŀ???????????λ?????????ֲ????????뾭??????λ?????󷽿?ʹ?á?
?ճ?ʩ?????????????ɸ?ʩ????ҵ?Ӽ????????˺?ʩ????ҵ??רҵ????????ʦ????
§4 ??????Ա???????????ú?ԭ??
4.1 ??????Ա?????ú?ԭ??
???ڻ???????ר?߶Բ????????ĸ߱?׼Ҫ??Ϊ?˸????????ʩ???????еIJ?????????????׼??Ͷ?뾭??ḻ????????ǿ????Ա?齨???ɸ?Ч?IJ??????????顣
????????в????߼???ʦ1?ˡ?????????ʦ????????3?ˣ????3???????鸺??ȫ??εIJ????????????ڹ??̲????????????ȫ?渺????????ϵ??ͨ???ڲ??IJ?????֯Э????????
4.2 ?????????????ú?ԭ??
??Կ???ר?ߵĸ߱?׼????Ҫ?󣬾?????ʩ????Ͷ?뾫?ȸߣ????ܿɿ??IJ??????????Ա?֤?????ľ??Ⱥ?Ҫ??
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6
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3+2ppm
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2
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3
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5+2ppm
3
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2
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4
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3
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5
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9
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5km
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    ˵????????Ϊ????????????ʩ?????Ƚ???????ȫվ?Ǽ?????ˮ׼??
§5 ʩ??????????????????
ʩ????????????????ʩ???????????Լ?ʩ?????????????ݾ?????????ʦ?????׼?󣬷??ɽ??нṹ???????㡢???ߵ?ķ?????λ??
5.1??????ҵ????
????ӽӵ????????ŵ??ܿ??ļ???ʩ??ͼֽ?Լ?????ί?е??󣬷??ɽ?????ҵ???㡣?????????ڲ?ʵ??У?ˡ??????ƣ???Ŀ??ʵ?м?????ˡ??????ơ?
5.2??????ҵ????
1????????ҵ??ҵǰ????????Ա??????ȷ??????????????ͼ??
2????????ҵ??ҵҪ???桢??ϸ????ʱ??飬????ԭʼ??¼???????????ɹ????п?׷???ԣ?ԭʼ??¼??????鵵???档
3????????ҵ???????ݡ???ҵ?۲??¼????100?????ˣ?ȷ??ԭʼ??¼????ҵ????????ȷ????
4????????ҵʵ?в?????Ա?۲⡢??¼??ǰ?ӡ?????ǩ??У???ƶȣ????????Լ졢???졢ר?졣
5????ҵ??????????Ҫ??????ʩ??????Ա?Ľ??ӹ?????????ʱ??????????д???????????ӵ???
6??ִ??ǰ?????ơ??׶ο??ơ????ٿ??Ƶ?????????????????γ??໥??Լ?????壬?ž??κβ???????ؼ????淶????׼????????̵????????????򲻵ý????????????ҵ??
§6 ʩ????????ȫ????
6.1??????Ա??ȫ????
????ʩ???ֳ?????????Ա??????ð?ȫñ???߿???ҵ˩?ð?ȫ????ˮ????ҵ???þ????£??Ծ???????Ŀ??????ȫ????????
6.2??????????ȫ????
???????Լ????죬?????????䱸????ר??ɡ???ϸ??ղ????????ҵ???????????豸?ı??????ܼ졢??칤?????????ڶ??????豸?ĸ???????ָ????м?顣
§7 ƽ????Ʋ???
ƽ????Ƶ???ͼ????ͼ
7.1 ƽ????????ĸ??⼰????
?????ƽ????????ĸ???ͼ??ܷ?Ϊ?????֣?????ƽ?????????CP?񣩵ĸ??⡢??·ƽ?????????CP?򣩵ĸ??⼰???ܺͻ?׮????????CP?󣩵IJ??衣
?ڽ???׮??ɺ???Ŀ????????֯??????Աչ??ƽ????????ĸ??⹤????ƽ????????ĸ???????Ŀ???ܹ???ʦ?ܸ????ɲ???????ʦǣͷ????????֯?????ʵʩ??
????????ר?ߵ?ƽ?????????Ϊ????ƽ?????????CP?񣩺???·ƽ?????????CP?򣩣?????Ƶ?λ?ṩ??????????Ҫ??ߡ?????ƽ?????????CP?񣩺???·ƽ?????????CP??ͨ??????GPS ??·B????GPS ??·C???????ĵȵ??????????п??Ʋ??????ڿ??Ƶ??ƽ??Ժ󣬸??????Ժ?Ľ?׮???ϣ??ƶ??????ƻ??飬?????챦5000ϵ??˫Ƶ??̬GPS???ջ???????CP??CP????Ƶ????ͬ???ȸ??⣬?????޲?;???Ҫ??Ӧ???㡶??????·???̲????淶????TB10601-2009???Ĺ涨??CP??CP????Ƶ㸴????????ϱ?????????ҵ?۲??¼??ԭʼ?۲????ݡ??????õ????Ժ????ԭʼ?????Լ????⾫?ȷ????ͼ??????档CP?????????CP??????????⹹?ɸ???????ͨ???????CP????????Լ??ƽ?Լ??ƽ???????ת????
???ڱ?????ɽ????ش??š?Ȫ???ش??š?????һ?????š???????????ż?????983.33?׵?·????ɣ????Զ?ȫ??ͳһ???п??????ļ??ܣ???????????GPS ??·C?????ܡ????ܿ??Ƶ?ѡ?㡢???衢׮?IJ????????ԺCP???һ?¡???λӦԶ????ʵ????ߵ緢??Դ???????̨??΢??վ?ȣ???????벻С??400?ף?Զ???ѹ?????·???????Ӧ??????200?ף???????Ӧ??ǿ?Ҹ????????źŽ??յ????壬?ܿ??????ˮ??????֡?ѡ????λ??Ӧ???Ƶ??ʾ??ͼ?????õ?֮?ǡ??۲?????????ҵʵ??Ϊ׼?????????˹???Ԥ????δ?ﵽ?ļ??㾫??Ҫ??ĵ㣬һ?ɷ????ز⣻????ȼ??Ӧ???ϡ???????·???̲????淶????TB10601-2009????Ҫ?󣬲????????ز⡣
???⡢???ܹ?????????????ƽ?????ϸ??Ӧ????????ʽ?????渴?ⱨ?汨???????λ?????????ͽ??赥λ?浵??
???⡢???ܹ??????????????????п??Ƶ?̤??һ?飬?Բ??ȶ???׮????ܱ??ƻ???׮???мӹ̡?
7.2 ƽ???????????ɹ???ȷ??
????????????Ƶ?λ????ɹ??IJ???ֵ????????Ҫ??ʱ??Ӧ??????Ƶ?λ????ɹ???
CP????Ƶ?ĸ???Ӧ????X??Y?????ֵ??????±2cm??Ҫ??
CP????Ƶ?ĸ???Ӧ????X??Y?????ֵ??????±1.5cm??Ҫ??
???ڸ???????з??ָ?????????Ƶ?λ?ṩ?Ŀ???ɹ?????ʱ??Ӧ?????²???????ȷ????Ƶ?λ??????????????߾??Ȳ????Ϲ涨Ҫ??ʱ??Ӧ?????汨???????λ????Ƶ?λ?????赥λ????Ѱ?????ƵĽ????????
§8 ?߳̿??Ʋ???
8.1 ˮ׼??ĸ??⼰???ܵ????
???????Ժ?ύ??ˮ׼???????ϣ????밴????ˮ׼??????Ҫ?󸴲⣬?????챦????ˮ׼?ǰ?????ˮ׼?????ľ??Ƚ???ȫ??ε?ˮ׼???⣬ˮ׼??????????·Ӧ??ԭ?ȵ????ˮ׼·??һ?¡?
??ˮ׼????ܶȲ???????ʩ??????ʱ?????ˮ׼?㣬?????ˮ׼??һ?????·????Լ100?ס?150??Ϊ?ˣ??Ա???ʩ???????ƻ???????ˮ׼??Ӧѡ?????ʼ?ʵ????ȫƧ?????۲ⷽ??????ڳ??ڱ???ĵط?????ʯ????ɲ??û?????????Ԥ?ơ??ֳ?????򰴱?ʯ???????????????????ֳ????????衣????ˮ׼?????۲?Ӧ?ڱ?߳????????ȶ?ʱ???У???????Ƿ????Ӧ???????߳??ȡ?
8.2?߳̿?????????ɹ???ȷ??
??ˮ׼?㸴???޲??????±?Ҫ??ʱ??Ӧ??????Ƶ?λ????ɹ????γ???ʽ?ĸ??ⱨ?汨???????λ?????ͽ??赥λ?浵????????????????Ƶ?λ????ɹ??IJ???ֵ?????޲?Ҫ??ʱ??Ӧ???²???????ȷ????Ƶ?λ????????򾫶Ȳ??????޲?Ҫ??ʱӦ??????????ʽ?ϱ???????λ????Ƶ?λ?????赥λ????Ѱ???ʵ??Ľ????????
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6√??L
12√??L
20√??L
30√??L
ע??LΪˮ׼·?߳??ȡ?
§9 ???¹???ʩ??????
???ڱ???ν??ɽ????ش??š?Ȫ???ش??š?????һ?????š???????????ż?????983.33?׵?·????ɣ??????????ܼ?ʩ??????????ȫ?߾????ص㹤??Ҫ????ơ?
9.1 ·??ʩ??????
·??ʩ??ʱ????ȫվ?Ƿ?????ȫվ?ǻ??ָ??ⷨ????ʩ???????????????ַ????????죬????ȫվ???ظ???????պϲ????ķ??????м?ˣ??????????м?ˡ?
9.2 ?ź?ʩ??????
9.2.1????׮??????
?????ͼֽ?·??󣬼??????̨׮?????꣬?????ˡ????ȷ??????󱨼?????ˡ??????????ͨ??????ܽ???׮???ķ?????
????׮?????ĵ????????ȫվ?Ƿ??????ָ??ⷨ???У????????ַ????????졣???????ĵ???ڻ??ഹֱ?????ϲ????ĸ???׮??????׮?ֱ????ߣ??佻?㼴Ϊ׮?????ĵ㡣????׼??ֽ????·??п???ʱ????׮??????λ?á??ĸ???׮һ??Ҫ?????ã?ȷ????ʩ???в?????׮??
ˮ?????׮ʩ??ͬ??????ȫվ?Ƿ????????Ⱦ?ȷ?????????ֹ?׮???ģ????????ƽ̨?ݺ????ߣ???װ???ƽ̨?ݡ?????????????????ƽ̨??Ȼ???????ƽ̨?Ͼ?ȷ?????????׮?????ݺ????ߣ???װ???׮?ֻ?Ͳ????λ?ܣ????ڵ???λ???????????׮???ķ????߱?ǣ?????ֻ?Ͳ?????????׮?????ݺ????ߣ??Ըֻ?Ͳ????λ?ܵ??ݺ?????Ϊ??׼???ڵ???λ???Ϸ??????????׮?????ݺ?????ƽ?еĸ??ֻ?Ͳ???????ߣ??Դ????????ֻ?Ͳ?ڵ???λ?ܵ?λ?á?
????ˮ׼?ǻ?ȫվ?Dz???ÿһ???ֻ?Ͳ?Ķ??̣߳?ÿ???ֻ?Ͳ?????????㣬?????????ǣ??Դ???Ϊ???׮ʩ???????׮????????ע?ĸ̻߳?׼??????У??ÿ???ֻ?Ͳ?Ķ???ߣ???
9.2.2??????̨????
?????ͼֽ?·??󣬼??????̨??̨?ǵ????꣬?????ˡ????ȷ??????󱨼?????ˡ??????????ͨ??????ܽ??г?̨?ǵ?ķ?????
??̨ʩ????????Ҫ????????Ϊ????׹?ע׮׮???̻߳???????̨??????ƽ????̨ģ?????????У????̨????߳̿??ơ?
????ȫվ?ǻ?ˮ׼?Dz???????̣߳?ȷ????????ȡ????ڻ?????λʱ??ȷ??????̨?׸̣߳???׹?ע׮׮???̲߳???ˮ׼?Ƿ????????????ǡ???̨??????ƽ?Ժ??ڳ?̨??????ƽ??????ȫվ?Ƿ?????̨?Ľǵ㣬??ȫվ?ǻ??ָ??ⷨ??顣????ȫվ?Ǽ????귨??У??̨ģ?塣
?ڳ?̨Ԥ????ι۲?㣬?۲??־?????̨????0-1cm???ڳ?̨????24Сʱ??ʼ?????۲⡣
9.2.3????????????
Ϊ??֤???????????ȣ?????ȫվ?Ǻ?ˮ׼?ǰ???????????????ж???ʩ???????????????Ǹ̷߳????????????ĸ̡߳????ȷ??????????ߡ??????ߣ?Ȼ?󰴽ڶ?ʩ??У?????ģ?????߼??????㡣????ʩ????ɺ?ʱ????????۲?׮??????ʼ???????ι۲⡣
9.2.4֧????װʩ??????
֧????װǰ???ȼ??????̨֧?????꣬??ʵ֧???̣߳??????ˡ????ȷ??????󱨼?????ˡ??????????ͨ??????ܽ???֧????ʯ??֧???ķ???????װǰ??Ӧ?????????ࡢ֧??λ?ü?Ԥ??ê˨??λ?á??ߴ??֧????ʯ????̡߳?ƽ???ȡ?
???þ???ˮ׼?Ǽ???ˮ׼??????֧?????̣߳????øֳߴ??߻?ȫվ?Ǵ?ֱ???߷??????߳??Գ?̨?????ն???֧????ʯ???߳?Ӧ??????-10 – 0??mm????????ȫվ?Ǽ????귨????֧????ʯ?ߴ磬?ϸ????֧???ݺ??????߼?Ťת????????Ƽ??淶Ҫ??
9.2.5????ʩ??????
????ǰӦ???ж?̨??̡?֧???????ߡ?֧????ʯ?̼߳?Ԥ????ȿ??????ϣ????ɼ?????ҵ?Ӹ??ˡ?
??????ҵǰ??ȫվ???ڸ????Ͼ?ȷ?????????ߡ????????Լ?֧????ʯ????λ?á????????տ?GPT-3100Nȫվ?ǿ?????ƽ??λ?á????߼?Ťת?????þ???ˮ׼?Ǽ???ˮ׼?????????ĸ̡߳?
9.3 ???¹??̹?ͨ????
???¹????깤?Ժ󣬲???????ʦӦ??????֯????ӽ??б??ȫ?ߵ???·???ߺ͸̲߳???????ͨȫ?ߵ???̺͸̣߳?????????¹??̵?׼ȷ?ԡ???ɺ󽫹?ͨ???????ϱ??ͼ?????λ??˺??ƽ????ʩ????ҵ?ӣ????ж?̨?????????????Ӧ?ֱ??ƽ???????ҵ?Ӻ͹??ʩ????ҵ?ӡ?
§10 ????????
?????¹????깤?Ժ?????Ŀ????????ʦ??֯ǣͷ????Ӧ?ܶεľ????????չ????????????????????????Ӧ???㡶??????·???̲????淶????TB10601-2009????Ҫ?󡣸??????ݺϸ?ʱ?γ???ʽ?Ŀ????????ļ??????????λ??˲??鵵???档
10.1 ??·???߿???????
??????·??ͨ?????Ľ????????·??׮??ֱ????ÿ50mһ??????????ÿ20mһ?????????蹫??׮??????׮???????????յ㡢???µ㡢?????????յ㡢?????????ġ??ź????ġ???????̨ǰ??̨β??ÿ?????Ķ˲???֧?????̵????յ???м?仯?ȴ????ü?׮??
??·???߼?׮????CP????Ƶ???裬????׮λ?޲?Ӧ????????S/20000+0.005??SΪת????׮λ?ľ??룬??m?ƣ???????±10mm??Ҫ????·???߼?׮?߳????ö???ˮ׼???????????׮?߳??޲?Ϊ±10mm???ڼ??????߼?׮??ͬʱ????·?????????Ƿ??????޽?Ҫ??
10.2 ·??????濢??????
??·???????ȶ??Ժ?Ҫ????·????????????ֱ?ߵضκ??????Ϊ50m?????ߵض?Ϊ20m???????????·?????ߡ??ɵ????ġ?·????̱߳仯?㡢?߼乵??·??????ݡ?·???淶Χ?????̲߳????????Ϊ±5mm??
10.3?ź?????????
??????̨ʩ????ɺ?????????????ǰҪ??ȫ????????̨???ݡ??????????ߡ?֧?е?ʯ???̡߳???Ƚ??й?ͨ???????????????̨?ݡ??????????ߡ?֧???????ߡ??????߼?ê˨??ʮ???ߣ???ɺ󽫲????????????????ҵ?ӡ?
??????̨????ƫ????±???
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ƫ?mm??
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±20
??һ????֧?е?ʯ????̲߳?
4
֧?е?ʯ????߳?
-10 - 0
??????????ɺ??ȫ?????߹?ͨ?????????????ϱ????????????λ?á????????ƽ???ȡ????????˵ĸ߲???????Ⱥ???????ȣ???ɺ󽫲????????????????ҵ?ӡ?
???????幤??ʩ????ɺ󣬺?????????????ǰҪ?Ժ??????׾????嶥?߳̽??в???????ʱ?????Ҫ????????۲?㣬??ʼ?????۲⡣
§11 ???β???
???β??????ڴ˷????????????????????д????ij????۲ⷽ????
11.1 ???μ?????Ľ????????ι۲?㲼??
11.1.1???μ?????Ľ???
Ϊȷ???޲?????????ʱ?????Լ?Ϊ??Ӫ??????ά???ṩ???ݣ????????¹??????ݺ?????????μ???????????????ˮƽλ?Ƽ????????ֱλ?Ƽ??????
ˮƽλ?Ƽ???????ö???????ϵͳ??????ƽ??????????????һ?β?????ɡ?????????CP???CP????Ƶ?ļ????ʱ????????һ??CP???CP????Ƶ????⣬?Ա????????ר???޲?????·???̲???ƽ??????ϵͳ??ʵ??ˮƽλ?Ƽ??????????ʩ??ƽ?????????????໥ת????ˮƽλ?Ƽ????????Ҫ????Ҫ????±???
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ƽ???߳???m??
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??150
±1.0
≤1/120000
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±3.0
??300
±1.0
≤1/120000
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??150
±1.8
≤1/70000
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??
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±6.0
??350
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≤1/70000
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??200
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±12.0
??300
±2.5
≤1/40000
?˰??????ĵ?ƽ????Ʋ???Ҫ??۲?
??ֱλ?Ƽ?????ɸ?????Ҫ????????????????ˮ׼????????ʩ?⣬?̲߳???ʩ???߳̿?????ϵͳ??????????ˮ׼????ļ????????ʩ???׶???????һ??ʩ???߳̿??Ƶ????⣬ʹ??ֱλ?Ƽ??????ʩ???߳̿??????̻߳?׼һ?£?ȫ?߶???ˮ׼??ͨ?󣬽???ֱλ?Ƽ?????????ˮ׼???????⣬????ֱλ?Ƽ?????̻߳?׼?黯??????ˮ׼?????ϡ??۲?ʱ?????Ҷ???ˮ׼?????ļ???Ҫ??ʩ?⡣??ֱλ?Ƽ????????Ҫ????Ҫ????±???
 
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?????ϲ???ͻ??߱պϲmm??
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ʹ?????????۲ⷽ????Ҫ??
һ??
0.3
0.07
0.15√??n
0.2√??n
DS05???????????߳???≤15m??ǰ???Ӿ??≤0.3m???Ӿ??ۻ???≤1.5m???˰?????һ??ˮ׼?????ļ???Ҫ??ʩ??
????
0.5
0.13
0.3√??n
0.5√??n
DS05?????????˰?????һ??ˮ׼?????ļ???Ҫ??ʩ??
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1.0
0.3
0.6√??n
0.8√??n
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2.0
0.7
1.4√??n
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11.1.2???μ?????ı??β?????IJ???
???β??????Ϊ??׼?㡢????????ͱ??ι۲?????֡?
ÿ???????ļ???????ò?????3???ȹ̿ɿ??Ļ?׼?㣬??׼??ѡ???ڱ???Ӱ?췶Χ??????ڳ??ڱ?????ȶ?λ?á?ʹ??ʱ???ȶ??Լ??????飬?????ȶ???????ȶ??ĵ???Ϊ?ⶨ???εIJο??㣬??׼??ļ?಻????1km??
????????Ӧѡ?ڱȽ??ȶ???λ?á?Ϊ??????ι۲⾫??Ҫ????????׼??֮??????·???򰴼??Ӧ??????200m??????·???ľ???ӦС??100m??ԭ???蹤?????㡣??????????ø???ʽ??պ?ʽ??????ˮ׼????Ҫ??ʩ?⣬?????ڲ???ʩ?????ŵ??ȶ??????ڣ??Ա㳤?ڱ????ʹ?õĵص㡣??????????ç?20mm??60cm????Բ???ĸֽ???????У?׮???ϲ?30cm?û???????ע?̶?????š??Թ۲??????Ϻû?۲???Ŀ???ٵĹ??̣??ɲ??蹤?????㣬?ڻ?׼????ֱ?Ӳ??????ι۲?㡣?????۲?????У?????????Ӧ???????׼?????У?ˡ????Գ????۲?ɹ?????????ʱ??Ӧ??ʱ???и???У?ˡ?
???ι۲??Ӧ?????ܷ?ӳ?????????ı??????ϡ?
11.2 ???ι۲?ʵʩ
11.2.1?۲⾫????????
ˮƽ???ι۲?????Ϊ???տ?GPT-3100Nȫվ?ǣ?????????Ϊ???2?룬???5mm+2ppm????ֱλ?ƹ۲????????Ϊ1 mm??????ȡλ??0.1mm????ֱλ?ƹ۲?ƻ??????챦????ˮ׼?ǰ?????ˮ׼????ʵʩ??ÿ???????????????Ϊ0.3mm/km??
11.2.2ˮƽλ?Ʋ????涨
ˮƽλ?Ʋ???Ӧ???????й涨??
?Ų???ǰ?????ᷨʱ???????Ӧ??60°??120°֮?䣬???˲??????㽻?᣻
?Ʋ??þ?γ??Ͷ?㷨??С?Ƿ?ʱ???Ծ?γ?ǵĴ?ֱ????б??Ӧ???м??飬????ֱ?dz???±3°??Χʱ??Ӧ???д?ֱ????б??????
?Dz??ü????귨ʱ????߳?Ӧ????ȫվ?Dzⶨ???????øֳ?????ʱ?????˳???һ?߶Σ???Ӧ???г߳??????????¶Ⱥ͸߲?????????
?Ȳ?????׼?߷?ʱ??????????ƫ???׼?ߵľ??룬??Ӧ????2cm???Ի??????λ?Ӧ???вⶨ??
11.2.3??ֱλ?Ʋ????涨
??ֱλ?Ʋ???Ӧ???????й涨??
1????ֱλ?ƹ۲??ľ??Ⱥ͹۲ⷽ??Ӧ?????±??Ĺ涨??
??ֱλ?ƹ۲??ľ???Ҫ??͹۲ⷽ??
?ȼ?
?߳??????
??mm??
???ڵ???????
??mm??
?۲ⷽ??
?????ϲ???ϻ??߱պϲ?
??mm??
һ??
±0.3
±0.15
???˰?????һ?Ⱦ???ˮ׼?????⣬??????˫ת?㣬????≤15m??ǰ?????Ӿ??≤0.3m???Ӿ??ۻ???≤1.5m??
≤0.15√??n
????
±0.5
±0.3
?˰?????һ?Ⱦ???ˮ׼??????
≤0.30√??n
????
±1.0
±0.5
?˰??????й涨????ˮ׼??????
≤0.60√??n
?ĵ?
±2.0
±1.00
?˰??????й涨????ˮ׼??????
≤1.40√??n
 
2????ֱλ?ƹ۲?ĸ????¼??????ע???۲?ʱ??????ͺ??ر仯?????
11.2.4 ˮƽλ?ƹ۲?ʵʩ
???????????漰ˮƽλ??900???׵?·???????ü????귨????߳????????տ?GPT-3102Nȫվ?Dzⶨ??
11.2.5 ??ֱλ?ƹ۲⣨?????۲⣩ʵʩ
????ר?߳????۲??Ϊ·???????۲⡢?ź??????۲?͹??ɶγ????۲????????֡?
1??·???????۲?
·???????۲????·?????׳????۲⡢·????????۲???????ػ??ضεij????۲⡣
·?????׳?????ÿ100??150m??һ???۲???棨?????Ҫ??ʱ?????Ҫ????۲???棩??ÿ???۲????Ԥ??һ???????塣??·????????ǰ????··?̻??׵???Ԥ?????????й۲⣬???ź????ɶθ??????ͼֽ?Ͳ????淶Ҫ????????á?
·????????۲⣺·?̵ض?һ??ÿ5??50m??һ???۲???棨?????Ҫ??ʱ?????Ҫ????۲???棩?????????۲?㣬?ֱ?λ??·?????ġ?????·???һ??????·???????Ժ????á????ź????ɶθ??????ͼֽ???????á?
?????ػ??ض?Ҫ???????Ҫ?????ù۲???漰?۲?㡣
·???????۲⾫?Ȱ?????ˮ׼???????Ƚ??п??ƣ??۲?Ƶ?ΰ???????ר????·?޲???????????????????ָ?ϡ????????衾2006??158?ţ??????Ҫ??ִ?С???·???????ڼ?ÿ??۲?һ?Σ?ͣ???ڼ?ǰ2??ÿ??۲?һ?Σ??Ժ?ÿ3??۲?һ?Σ?ʩ??????Ժ?ǰ15????ÿ3??۲?һ?Σ???15??30??ÿ???ڹ۲?һ?Σ???30??90??ÿ15??۲?һ?Σ??Ժ?ÿ???¹۲?һ?Ρ??????ͼֽ??????Ҫ??ʱ???????Ҫ??Ƶ?ν??й۲⡣
2?? ?ź??????۲?
?????????۲??Զ?̨?????ij?????ԤӦ??????????????????Ϊ?????????ڽ????????ij????۲??ͬʱ???ж????????ij????۲⡣?ź????幤???깤?Ժ?????Ӧ??λ???ù۲????й۲⣬?????۲???һ?㲻????6???£??ػ??????????Ϻõ????????????????۲??ڲ?????2???£????۲????ݲ???򹤺????????????????Ҫ??????Ӧ?ӳ??۲?ʱ?䡣
?????Ķ?̨?۲???????ڶն??????????̨?ϣ?ÿ????̨?ϵIJ??????????????4?????????Ĺ۲?㲼???ں?????ǽ???࣬?۲??????????????4????
?ź??????۲??Ƶ?β??ա?????ר????·?޲???????????????????ָ?ϡ????????衾2006??158?ţ??????Ҫ??ִ?С?
3?? ???ɶγ????۲?
???ɶγ????۲???·????????۲?Ͳ????ȳ????۲?Ϊ?????????Ҫ??λ?ó????۲???棬???????????·б?????????á???ʩ??ǰ????·???????ó????۲?壬?ڹ??ɶη?Χ????·б??Խ??߲???????????ܲ??ڹܿ????ó????۲?׮???????۲?װ??Ҫ?????ȹ̲??ڹ۲??ڼ?Թ۲?װ?ò?ȡ??Ч?ı?????ʩ??
???ɶεij????۲⾫?Ⱥ͹۲?Ƶ??Ҫ???㡶????ר????·?޲???????????????????ָ?ϡ????????衾2006??158?ţ??????Ҫ?󡣵??????????????仯???????쳣ʱ??Ӧ?Ӵ?۲?Ƶ?ʡ?
11.2.6???ֹ?????????޲?
·????????????Ҫ???·?????۲????Լ??????ţ??????ij???Ԥ????????У?Ԥ???·?????????ֵ??С??15mm??????????????????????Ҫ???㡶????ר????·?޲???????????????????ָ?ϡ????????衾2006??158?ţ??????Ҫ??Ԥ??ĺ??????????????ֵ??С??15mm?????ɶβ?ͬ?ṹ????Ԥ??????????С??5mm??Ԥ?????????????·??????۽Dz?????1/1000??
11.3 ???μ??۲?ɹ???????
?۲?????Ӧ??ȫ????ϸ???淶??????Ƽ???ϸ??Ҫ?󡣸??ֹ۲????ݱ????ڹ۲⵱?켰ʱ???????????۲???????緢?ֱ????쳣?????ʱ֪ͨ???̲????з??????????۲????Ͼ????????ܺ??йع涨???ɲᱨ???????λ??˲??浵??
????γɵı??μ??????Ӧ????????
1??ʩ?ⷽ???뼼??????飻
2?????Ƶ???۲??ƽ?沼??ͼ??
3????ʯ????־???????ͼ??
4????????????У?????ϣ?
5???۲??¼?ֲ???
6??ƽ????㡢?ɹ????????????ϼ??????ɹ?????
7?????ι??̺ͱ??ηֲ?ͼ????
8?????η????ɹ????ϣ?
9?????β??????????棻
10????????־??
§12 ??׮????????CP?󣩵IJ???
??׮????????CP?󣩵IJ???Ӧ???ʩ??????Ӫά??Ҫ???ڲ???ǰ??дר?ŵļ???????飬?????򵥵???????
??????????ʩ????ǰ??Ӧ?????????ƽ????Ƶ????·???Ƶ???ĵȵ??߲??????ȶ???·???߽??й?ͨ???????????޲???ʩ????Χ???????׮????׮??Ϊ???ƻ?׮?ͼ??ܻ?׮???֡????ƻ?׮ԭ????ֱ?߶?100m??һ???????߶?50m??һ????????·????ضΡ????߿??Ƶ㡢??·???µ㡢????????ֹ???Ӧ??????ƻ?׮????׮һ??????????·????ȹ̡??ɿ????????ƻ??ͱ??ڲ????ĵط?????Ӧ??ȡ?????????????Ϳ??ƶ???ʩ?????Ƶ??ʶӦ????????ȫ??????׼ȷʶ???ʹ?á?????????ʱ???ƻ?׮???????????ǿ?ƶ??бꡣ
??׮????????CP?󣩵IJ?????????ȵ??߲??????Ƚ??п??ƣ??̲߳?????ƽ????Ƶ㹲׮?????þ???ˮ׼????ʩ?⡣????ˮ׼????????ڶ???ˮ׼?㣬ˮ׼·?߳??Ȳ??˳???2?????ʩ??ʱ?侫??Ӧ?????±???Ҫ??
???߲?????Ҫ????Ҫ??
??????????
???ϳ??ȣ?km??
?߳???m??
????????
??mm??
????????
??″??
???ڵ?λ?????????
??mm??
????ȫ????Ապϲ??޲?
??λ?DZպϲ??޲″??
??Ӧ???ߵȼ?
CP??
≤1
150??200
3
4
5
1/20000
±8√??n
???
 
?????õ??߲???ʱ????׮????????CP??Ӧ???ϵ?CP???CP???ϣ?????λ?DZպϲ????ȫ????Ապϲ????Ҫ??ʱ??????ù̶????ݽ???????ƽ????㣬?????ú󷽽??ᷨ????ʱ????׮????????CP??Ӧ???ö???ƽ?????CP???CP??????ƽ???ֶθ??ͻ???ƽʱ???ڶ?Ӧ?ص????ص????Ȳ?ӦС??1km??
??׮????????CP?󣩿??Ƶ?????????޲?Ҫ???Ӧ???ù̶??????Ƶ??ʶӦ????????ȫ??????ʹ?ã??????Ʋ???ƽ??ʾ??ͼ?Ϳ??Ƶ???????õ?֮?ǣ???????λ?á???̡????ƾ??Ҫ?ء?
?ڻ?׮??????????????Ժ?Ӧ????????м?⣬???????ݡ???????????޲?Ӧ????????Ҫ??
1???????Ƶ??н?ʱ??????۲ⲻӦ????????أ??????????۲??????أ?
2?????Ƶ??ľ???????ƫ??Ϊ1/20000??ֱ?߶ο??Ƶ??н???180°?ϲ?ӦС??8″?????߶ο??Ƶ??н??????ֵ?ϲ?????????·????ƫ??ӦС??1.5mm???ҳ?????ֵ?????ֵ?ϲ?ӦС??2mm??
§13 ?޲?????ʩ??????
??׮????????CP?󣩵IJ?????ɺ?????޲????İ?װ?????????????ܻ?׮???????޲????????????????νӲ???????·??????????????ǹ?????迢??????????ά????׮?????͹????????̬??????
???ܻ?׮ֱ?߶?6m?????߶?5m????һ????һ??????????·???ģ?Ҳ??????????·???ࡣ?ڼ??ܻ?׮???????????Ժ󣬿?ʼ???л???????????͹?ε?̨??????ʩ???????????ڵ???ʩ????ǰӦ??????·????????·???桢????̼߳?⣬?Ҹ̰߳?????ˮ׼Ҫ?????????????պ???ˮ׼???㣬????ʵ??̺߳???Ӧ??????Ƹ߳??????????????ʵ?ʺ?ȡ??޲?????????͹?ε?̨?ijߴ?????ƫ??Ӧ???㡶??????·???̲????淶????TB10601-2009???????Ҫ??
?޲?????????????ھ??ܹ??̲?????ʹ?ø߾???ȫվ?????տ?GPT-3102N??ȫվ?Dz?DZ?ƾ???Ϊ2"??????ƾ???Ϊ5mm+2ppm??ˮ׼??Ӧ???õ???ˮ׼?Ǻ?????ˮ׼?ߡ?ʩ???п??Բ???ר?ò???װ?????????ϵͳ?????С????????װ?á????ǵ??ߣ???
 
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